Here's another free
practice question from the retired SWTP bonus exam. How well do you
know your cognitive distortions?
A client who is receiving cognitive behavioral therapy
worries that because he turned in a work report a day late, his
bosses are angry at him and he will never be promoted. Which of the
following cognitive distortions is the client
A. Mental filtering
What do you think?
Let's look at some definitions.
Mental filtering occurs when a client focuses
exclusively on the negative aspects of a situation, excluding the
positive. ("Sure, I won the election, but only by 51%.")
With personalization, people take the blame for
something over which they have no control. This client is
exaggerating the likely negative repercussions for something he did
have control over (completing the report).
Labeling occurs when a client slaps negative labels on
himself or on another person or object. The client in this scenario
is not labeling anything.
The client has taken a minor problem (turning in work a day
late) and imagining a worst-case result (being disliked and never
promoted), a good example of catastrophizing.
You have your answer. And now you're that much more ready to go
pass the social work licensing exam.
But maybe not all the way ready. For that, try our
full-length, real-time ASWB exam
For more about cognitive distortions, check out
this list from Psych Central.
Happy studying and good luck on the exam!