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Freud Quiz: Fill in the Blanks

freudA quick refresher on Sigmund Freud. Here's a quick theory summary from Lumen Learning, with some crucial pieces missing. Your task: Fill in the blanks.


Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality argues that human behavior is the result of the interactions among three component parts of the mind: the (1.) _____, ______, and ________. This theory, known as Freud's (2.) ___________ theory of personality, places great emphasis on the role of (3.) ___________ psychological conflicts in shaping behavior and personality. Dynamic interactions among these fundamental parts of the mind are thought to progress through five distinct psychosexual stages of development. They are: (4.)  ______________, _______________, _______________, _______________, & _______________.


Have your answers?

The social work licensing exam doesn't include fill-in-the-blanks. The exam, as you probably know by now, consists of 170 stand-alone multiple-choice questions to be completed within four hours. Most of those questions involve than simple fact recall. They're more likely to combine fact recall with a judgement call. For practice on ASWB exam-style questions, check out SWTP's full-length tests.

But first, scroll down for the answers to the Freud quiz…


















1. id, ego, superego

2. structural theory of personality

3. unconscious

4. oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital

(For more about the psychosexual stages, see Simply Psychology.)

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Quiz: Erikson Stages

Erik_EriksonNot all exam prep has to be realistic, vignette-style questions like SWTP's practice tests. Sometimes you just want to cram in info. We'll do quizzes now and then to help you do just that.

Here, for starters, is a quick, simple quiz about Erik Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development. Listed are the conflicts for each stage, the virtue associated with each stage (which you're not getting quizzed on because those are very unlikely to show up on the licensing exam). Underneath each stage is the expected age range during which it will occur.

Your job is simple: fill in the blank.


Trust vs. _____________
Hope
0 - 1½


__________ vs. Shame
Will
1½ - 3


Initiative vs. __________
Purpose
3 - 5


Industry vs. Inferiority
Competency
Age __________


Identity vs. Role Confusion
Fidelity
Age __________


Intimacy vs. __________
Love
18 - 40


__________ vs. Stagnation
Care
40 - 65


__________ vs. Despair
Wisdom
65+


How'd you do?

Answer in comments or in this article from Simply Psychology, which will shower you with additional details.

Happy studying, happy psychosocial developing, and good luck with the exam!

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Name That Defense Mechanism

defendedHere's a quick quiz that should help you lock down your ease with defense mechanism. What are defense mechanisms? Wikipedia wants to tell you:

A defense mechanism is an unconscious psychological mechanism that reduces anxiety arising from unacceptable or potentially harmful stimuli. Defense mechanisms are not to be confused with conscious coping strategies. Sigmund Freud was one of the first proponents of this construct.

Okay, but which defense mechanism is which? Here's a short list of examples, courtesy of Simply Psychology. You provide the name of the defense mechanism. Good luck!

1. A young man has no conscious awareness of his desire to hurt his father.

2. A smoker refuses to admit to herself that smoking is bad for one's health.

3. A person comes to believe that their anger toward a rival started with the rival's misbehavior toward them.

4. A person frustrated by their boss, goes home and kicks their dog.

5. An angry person feels relief from working long hours.

How'd you do? Answers are in comments.

There are more defense mechanisms where these came from. Read up on the sites linked above and also here:

To get realistic exam questions about defense mechanisms and much more in SWTP's full-length mock exams, sign up!

Good luck on the exam!

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Quick Quiz: Catatonia and the Social Work Exam

catatoniaCatatonia is not a diagnosis, but a symptom of other diagnoses (e.g., depression, schizophrenia). It's characterized by unresponsiveness  even when apparently awake. That, you probably knew. In the catatonia section of DSM-5 is a small flurry of vocabulary you probably don't already know.  You don't have to know this vocabulary to consider yourself prepared for the social work licensing exam. It's not likely to be on the exam. It just might come in handy. Maybe.

Here's a quick matching game to help you get it all-the-way learned. Your job: pair the symptom of catatonia with its description. To make it easier, you might consider quickly reading the list here before trying to do the matching. We were stumped by these here at SWTP HQ and we managed to get licensed. So, really, this is just an extra!

And...go!

 

Symptoms

1. Stupor

2. Catalepsy

3. Waxy flexibility

4. Mutism

5. Negativism

6. Posturing

7. Mannerism

8. Stereotypy

9. Echolalia

10. Echopraxia

 

Description

A. Slight, even resistance to positioning by examiner

B. Opposition or no response to instructions or external stimuli.

C. Mimicking another's speech.

D. Repetitive, abnormally frequent, non-goal-directed movements.

E. Spontaneous and active maintenance of a posture against gravity.

F. Mimicking another's movements.

G. Odd, circumstantial caricature of normal actions.

H. No psychomotor activity; not actively relating to the environment.

I. Passive induction of a posture held against gravity.

J. No, or very little, verbal response.

***

Answers are in comments.

How'd it go?

For more about catatonia, read up here:

For realistic, ASWB-exam-style questions (not just quick matching games) sign up for SWTP's full length practice tests!

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Self-Determination and the Social Work Exam

self-determinationOur question-a-section trek through the NASW Code of Ethics continues. All aboard!

Next up, 1.02, Self-Determination. The section is quick:

Social workers respect and promote the right of clients to self-determination and assist clients in their efforts to identify and clarify their goals. Social workers may limit clients' right to self-determination when, in the social workers' professional judgment, clients' actions or potential actions pose a serious, foreseeable, and imminent risk to themselves or others.

What kind of questions might emerge from this section? Lots of 'em. The section lends itself to questions which assess for social worker overreach, cape-wearing, and rescue-mindedness over simple client care. Which kind of gives away the answer to an item like this:

A client tells a social worker that she plans to take a psychedelic drug over the weekend in an effort to decrease her anxiety. What should the social worker do?

A. Explain the dangers of psychedelic drugs to the client.

B. Discuss the pros and cons of the plan.

C. Notify police about the planned illegal drug use.

D. Refer the client to a psychiatrist for anxiety medication.

How do you wind your way to the right answer here? Take it step by step. Eliminate the most eliminatable first. Call the cops (C)? Social workers and police would rarely be off the phone with each other if social workers made a reporting call every time a client discussed drug use. Also, confidentiality. The other three are more reasonable. Which one is right?  Referring to an MD doesn't directly address the drug-taking plan the client has introduced. Explaining dangers risks alienating the client. Answer B respects client self-determination while opening a discussion about the wisdom of the plan. It's the best of the offered answers. BTW, worth noting that the client isn't just making stuff up--recent research shows psychedelics can be useful in mental health treatment. But you didn't need to know that to answer the question correctly. You just had to remember section 1.02.

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